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Formally Protected Nature in Sweden

 Total Land area and inland watersMarine water
Instruments for protectionArea in hectaresShareArea in hectaresShareArea in hectaresShare
Environmental Code, permanent formal protection
           
National parks
743 501 1.4% 697 561 1.6% 45 940 0.6%
Nature reserves
5 010 404 9.5% 4 315 194 9.6% 695 210 8.5%
Nature conservation areas
149 606 0.3% 123 268 0.3% 26 339 0.3%
Habitat protection areas in forest land
31 227 0.1% 31 224 0.1% 3 0.0%
Habitat protection areas, other
346 0.0% 300 0.0% 46 0.0%
National City Park
2 614 0.0% 1 820 0.0% 794 0.0%
Natura 2000
7 799 105 12.4% 5 793 268 12.9% 2 005 837 9.1%
Total permanent protection, without overlap
8 821 661 14.3% 6 522 173 14.6% 2 299 488 12.7%
 
           
Land Code, time-limited formal protection
           
Nature conservation agreements
172 037 0.3% 172 016 0.4% 21 0.0%
 
           
Intra-governmental agreements
           
Swedish Fortifications Agency
32 297 0.1% 32 241 0.1% 56 0.0%
All instruments, without overlap
9 002 917 14.6% 6 703 355 15.0% 2 299 562 12.8%

 

Comments

The proportion of protected area has been calculated using Sweden’s total area, as reported in Statistics Sweden’s official statistics on land and water areas (see www.scb.se/mi0802, reference time 2021-01-01).

Changes in area compared with the previous year are to a small degree due to a change in method in Statistics Sweden’s calculation.

Nature reserves, Natura 2000, and nature conservation agreements include areas without restrictions, for example without regulations against forestry. The data refers to areas that applied (that is, for which judgment was final) on 31 December 2020.

Proportions and areas cannot be added up because some protection types overlap each other. Statistics adjusted for overlapping areas are marked with the text “without overlap”.

Natura 2000 within Sweden’s exclusive economic zone is included in the presentation of total area and marine areas in hectares. Areas within the exclusive economic zone are not included in the presentation of proportions, since that presentation only covers areas within Sweden’s territory. Natura 2000 within the exclusive economic zone covers about 1.3 million hectares.

Nature conservation agreements include the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s and the Swedish Forest Agency’s nature conservation agreements, the White-Backed Woodpecker Action Plan, and “ekoparker” (nature reserves). Several agreements do not have end date information available. Among the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s agreements, 143 agreements, comprising 2 355 hectares, have a remaining duration of less than 15 years.

Information on the number of areas related to intra-governmental agreements with the Swedish Fortifications Agency was retrieved from “Överenskommelse om skydd av särskilt värdefulla naturskogsområden, 5. Naturskogar Nv Reg. no. 310-167-10 No.

More about the results

Source
SCB

Last updated
2021-05-27

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