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Population by sex, age and country of birth 1970 and 2020 and projection 2070

Population by sex, age and country of birth 1970


Population by sex, age and country of birth 2020


Population by sex, age and country of birth projection 2070



The population pyramids illustrate the population by age in 1970, 2020 and 2070. The number of women (in blue) and men (in light blue) in the population are shown on the left and right side of the pyramid, respectively. In each age group, the foreign born is shown in grey.

The cohorts born in the 1940s were young adults in 1970 and are above age 70 in 2020. The cohorts born in the 1950s were teenagers in 1970 and they are reaching the age of retirement in 2020. The large cohorts born in the mid-1960s were children in the 1970 age pyramid. In 2020, they are in age 53 to 56. The large cohorts born around 1990 are around 30 years old in 2020. In 2070 they are in age 75 to 81, shown in the age pyramid at the bottom.

Compared to its size today, size of the foreign born population was relatively small in Sweden in 1970. As shown in the age pyramid, the foreign born population was concentrated around the ages 20–35 in 1970. Since then, both the number and the percentage of foreign born individuals have increased in the population in all age groups. In 2020, the largest number of foreign born residents is in the ages 30–39.

In 2070, it is not possible to distinguish the cohorts that have not yet been born. In the projection of the population, we cannot predict changes in the number of born children due to, for example, economic fluctuations.

In general, there are a greater number of boys than girls born each year. Therefore, there is a greater number of males in the younger ages. However, as women live longer on average than men, there are more women than men in the older ages. In 1970 the number of women exceeded the number of men at age 50 and older. The life expectancy has since then increased more for men than for women and in 2020, there were more women than men in ages 65 and above. This development of life expectancy is expected to continue and, in 2070, it is expected that there will be more women than men in age 80 and over.

Some specific demographic events are visible in the age pyramids. There were relatively few children born in 1918 and 1919, the years of the Spanish flu. A greater number of children were born in 1920 and those individuals are present as 50 year-olds in the 1970 age pyramid. In 2010, there were more children born than in 2009 and 2011. They are visible as 10-year olds in 2020 and as 60-year olds in 2070. In 2020 there are many foreign born 22-year old men. This is many of those boys who immigrated as single children in 2016–2017. They have become 71 years old in 2070, but this is not as clearly visible compared with nearby ages.

In the short term, this projection can be regarded as a population forecast. In the long term, the projection should be regarded as precisely a projection of the population in the case that current behaviour and trends continue in the future. Furthermore, an assumption is made that regulations that apply today will continue to apply throughout the projection period. Already in the short term, changes in society may mean that projection conditions will change.

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