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Labour statistics based on administrative sources (RAMS) and gross pay statistics based on administrative sources (LSUM) 2019

More than 5 million gainfully employed people in 2019

Statistical news from Statistics Sweden 2020-11-26 9.30

In 2019, there were 5 062 000 gainfully employed persons. A new source and a new method were used to classify gainfully employed people in 2019, and therefore no comparison is made with the previous year. Gross pay increased by 3.7 percent in the corresponding period.

Women accounted for 48.3 percent and men accounted for 51.7 percent of the gainfully employed persons, 2 444 000 and 2 618 000 persons respectively. Gross pay increased by 3.7 percent compared with the previous year and amounted to SEK 1 868 billion in 2019. Women's gross pay increased by 3.7 percent and men's gross pay increased by 4.0 percent.

For women, the largest increase in gross pay, 4.5 percent, was noted in Stockholm County, and for men, the largest increase in gross pay, 4.8 percent, was noted in Uppsala County. The lowest increase in gross pay for women, 2.1 percent, was in Blekinge County and Västernorrland County. For men, the lowest increase in gross pay, 2.2 percent, was noted in Västernorrland County.

Proportion of population gainfully employed almost 80 percent for 20-64 year-olds

In 2019, the proportion of the population that was gainfully employed was 79.3 percent among people aged 20 to 64 years. The proportion of gainfully employed people was 78.4 percent among women and 80.1 percent among men. The highest proportion of gainfully employed women was 82.3 percent, in Halland County, and the highest proportion of gainfully employed men was 83.8 percent, in Jönköping County.

Proportion of population gainfully employed and change in the gross pay compared with previous year, by sex and county, 2019
 Proportion of
population gainfully
employed persons,
20-64 years (%)
Change in
gross pay (%)
 WomenMenWomenMen
Blekinge 78.0 78.5 2.1 2.4
Dalarna 79.7 81.8 2.4 2.8
Gotland 80.5 80.1 2.5 3.6
Gävleborg 77.8 80.3 2.3 2.8
Halland 82.3 83.6 3.9 4.1
Jämtland 81.7 82.8 3.2 3.1
Jönköping 80.6 83.8 2.8 3.1
Kalmar 78.9 81.2 2.2 3.0
Kronoberg 78.3 81.0 3.6 3.7
Norrbotten 81.4 81.7 2.7 2.5
Skåne 74.2 75.6 4.4 4.7
Stockholm 79.6 80.5 4.5 4.7
Södermanland 76.6 79.3 2.9 3.7
Uppsala 78.2 80.0 4.0 4.8
Värmland 78.0 77.8 2.2 2.9
Västerbotten 79.6 81.6 3.5 3.2
Västernorrland 80.0 81.7 2.1 2.2
Västmanland 77.6 80.6 3.0 3.5
Västra Götaland 78.9 80.8 3.6 3.9
Örebro 77.5 80.0 2.7 3.3
Östergötland 77.1 79.4 3.6 3.8
National level 78.4 80.1 3.7 4.0

Largest share of women in health and social care

Among women, the largest proportion was employed in health and social care, 26 percent, which corresponds to 645 000 people, followed by education, 17 percent. Among men, the largest proportion was employed in mining, quarrying and manufacturing, 16 percent, which corresponds to 414 000 persons, followed by business services, at 13 percent. The distribution of gross pay also shows that, among women, the largest percentage was in health and social care, at 26 percent, followed by the education sector, 16 percent. Among men, the largest shares of gross pay were in mining, quarrying and manufacturing, 18 percent, and business services, 14 percent.

Among the 15 industry sectors presented, seven had an equal gender distribution, which means that one sex accounted for at least 40 percent of the gainfully employed persons. The most balanced participation of men and women was in the hotels and restaurants and financial and insurance activities, in which each sex accounted for 50 percent of gainfully employed persons. The construction industry had the least equal distribution between the sexes; women accounted for 10 percent and men accounted for 90 percent of gainfully employed persons.

Source and method change in RAMS in 2019

As from reference year 2019, a new data source is used and a new method is applied to classify gainfully employed persons in RAMS. The monthly employer reports at individual level (AGI) will replace the annual statements of earnings (KU) and gainfully employed persons will be classified based on wages/salaries paid on November. There is no time period in which both KU and AGI are available in parallel, which means that it is not possible to carry out complete analyses on how the change in source and method affects the final statistics. The change of source and method also means that comparisons of statistics on 2019 and earlier reference years must be made using great caution. For further information on the source and method change, see the documents and tables at Labour statistics based on administrative sources.

This change also affects the LSUM, which will be based on both yearly summed AGI and the few remaining annual KU as from reference year 2019.

Definitions and explanations

Gross pay statistics based on income statements, LSUM, measure gross pay only for the work of employees for one year, while labour market statistics based on administrative sources, RAMS, measure employment for both employees and self-employed persons in November.

Next publishing will be

The next statistical news in this series will be published on 2021-11-25 at 09:30.

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